Music analysis progressively evolved into a theory of musical hearing: it is this conviction that organizes the classes done in the Nice University. The main lines of the course are drawn in this paper which describes more specifically two of its chapters: the first concerning tonal music, the second contemporary music after 1945.
For tonal music, the aim is to reconcile Schoenbergian and Schenkerian perspectives, as had been done by Célestin Deliège. The models are, among others, Classical Forms by William Caplin and Analysis of Tonal Music by Allen Cadwallader and David Gagné. Their use is illustrated by a short analysis of the Andante from Mozart's Sonata KV 545.
The case of "contemporary" music is more complex. There exists no consensus on its delimitation and textbooks dealing with the repertory after 1945 remain rare. A case study, the analysis of Stockhausen's Klavierstück III from the point of view of serial multiparametric composition, strives to establish a typical "analytic file".